LIN 201 / CGS 205
Introduction to Language and Linguistics
An introduction to the scientific analysis of the structure and uses of language. Core areas covered include phonetics and phonology, morphology, the lexicon, syntax, semantics and pragmatics, with data from a wide range of languages. Topics include the biological basis of language, language and cognition, the neurology of language and language disorders, and first and second language acquisition.
Instructor: Lauren Ross-Feldman
LIN 210 / CLA 210
Introduction to Historical and Comparative Linguistics
This course provides an introduction to the study of language change and linguistic relationship. We will describe and analyze change in the building blocks of language (sounds, morphemes, and words), discovering, accounting for, and extrapolating from regular patterns manifested in numerous ancient and modern languages the world over.
Instructor: Timothy Barnes
Language at Princeton
An introduction to linguistic analysis, with an emphasis on hands-on work. Making use of as many different sorts of resources as possible -- animate, inanimate; written, spoken; town, gown -- we will try as a group to understand the history and current state of language at Princeton University and in Princeton, NJ just outside the "Orange Bubble." What languages and what modes of communication have and have not been used here? When? Why? How? By whom? We will discover the answers by exploring archives, conducting interviews, and generally engaging in original and creative research.
Instructor: Joshua Timothy Katz
LIN 308 / TRA 303
The course covers the linguistic, psycholinguistic, neurolinguistic, and sociolinguistic aspects of bilingualism. We examine language acquisition in monolingual and bilingual children, the notion of "critical age" for language acquisition, definitions and measurements of bilingualism, and the verbal behavior of bilinguals such as code-switching. We consider the effects of bilingualism on other cognitive domains, including memory, and examine neurolinguistic evidence comparing the brains of monolinguals and bilinguals. Societal and governmental attitudes toward bilingualism in countries like India and the U.S. are contrasted.
Instructor: Christiane Dorothea Fellbaum
Field Methods in Linguistics
In this course, students learn both the logistical components of doing field research as well as tools for conducting effective elicitations with native speakers, including background in linguistic typology and methods for elicitation. To develop these skills, approximately half of this course will be dedicated to linguistic elicitation with a native speaker of the language chosen for the semester. This course is designed to be beneficial to students interested in pursuing both documentary/descriptive linguistic work as well as those interested in incorporating linguistic data into research in theoretical linguistics.
Instructor: Kyle Jerro
How Chomsky's minimalist program has revolutionized syntactic theory and the study of language more generally. Explication and evaluation of minimalist approaches to syntactic derivation and representation, including the role of economy and other principles of efficient computation. One focus will be the empirical basis of these proposals.
Instructor: Edwin S. Williams
PHI 346 / LIN 346
Introduction to Formal Semantics
We will study a formal approach to meaning that develops a technical framework for assigning meanings to expressions (primarily English ones) that makes use of functions and sets. This is a course for anyone interested in how formal methods can be applied to the study of language. The course covers material that is essential for any prospective student of linguistics or philosophy of language.
Instructors: Delia Graff Fara, Edwin S. Williams
PSY 309 / LIN 309
Psychology of Language
The cognitive processes underlying the use and understanding of language, and in learning to speak. Topics include speech production and perception, grammar and meaning, knowledge and words, and pragmatic aspects of language.
Instructor: Adele E. Goldberg
TRA 301 / COS 401
Introduction to Machine Translation
This course will provide an in-depth study of the MT paradigms (direct, transfer, statistical/example, and interlingual) used in state-of-the-art speech-to-speech and text-based MT systems, from computational and linguistic perspectives. Machine-learning techniques for processing human languages (morphological analysis, tagging, syntactic and semantic parsing, and language generation) will be discussed in detail. Linguistic variation across languages and its impact on computational models will be presented. Projects will involve implementing speech/text translation components, identifying their limitations and suggesting improvements.
Instructor: Srinivas Bangalore