LIN 201/ENG 241/CGS 205 Introduction to Language and Linguistics
Professor Laura Kalin
An introduction to the scientific analysis of the structure and uses of language. Core areas covered include phonetics and phonology, morphology, the lexicon, syntax, semantics, and pragmatics, with data from a wide range of languages. Additional topics include language acquisition, language and the brain, and language change.
LIN 220 Language at Princeton
Professor Joshua T. Katz
An introduction to linguistic analysis, with an emphasis on hands-on work. Making use of as many different sorts of resources as possible -- animate, inanimate; written, spoken; town, gown -- we will try as a group to understand the history and current state of language at Princeton University and in Princeton, NJ just outside the "Orange Bubble." What languages and what modes of communication have and have not been used here? When? Why? How? By whom? We will discover the answers by exploring archives, conducting interviews, and generally engaging in original and creative research.
LIN 235 Mythbusting Language
Professor Byron T. Ahn
As educated users of language, many of us have strong feelings on language, including how we should use it ("That isn't what 'literally' means!") and why we should do so. Which of these feelings are valid and which are closer to folklore? In this class, we investigate several language myths, objectively explore their validity, and make conclusions about how human languages can (not) be described. Myths we may address include: women talk more than men, children learn languages better than adults, legalese is more linguistically precise, dolphins use language, all languages/dialects are equally sophisticated, and bilingualism makes you smarter.
LIN 301 Phonetics and Phonology
Professor Florian Lionnet
This course is an intro to the science of speech sounds (phonetics) and sound systems (phonology). Students will 1) learn to transcribe sounds from various languages using the International Phonetic Alphabet, 2) perform acoustic analyses of speech sounds, 3) learn about the physiological and cognitive aspects of speech production and perception, 4) learn about important cross-linguistic phonological phenomena and principles of sound system organization, and apply standard methods of description and analysis to data from various languages.
LIN 303 Linguistic Semantics
Professor Edwin Williams
An introduction to central issues and leading theories of linguistic semantics for natural languages. Analysis of specific linguistic phenomena (including: anaphora, quantification, and tenses) will be used to illustrate the interaction of syntax and semantics, the relation between language and the world, and the role of linguistic meaning in communication and understanding.
LIN 308 Bilingualism
Professor Christiane Fellbaum
The course covers the linguistic, psycholinguistic, neurolinguistic, and sociolinguistic aspects of bilingualism. We examine language acquisition in monolingual and bilingual children, the notion of "critical age" for language acquisition, definitions and measurements of bilingualism, and the verbal behavior of bilinguals such as code-switching. We consider the effects of bilingualism on other cognitive domains, including memory, and examine neurolinguistic evidence comparing the brains of monolinguals and bilinguals. Societal and governmental attitudes toward bilingualism in countries like India and the U.S. are contrasted.
LIN 350 Deciphering Ancient Languages
Professor Timothy Barnes
This course is an introduction to linguistics decipherment. We will survey cases of successful - and unsuccessful - decipherment, beginning with Ancient Egyptian and covering such languages as Old Persian, Akkadian, Ugaritic, Mycenean Greek and Mayan. Throughout, the focus will be on the methodologies employed, and on the conditions that need to be present for decipherment to be possible.
LIN 355 Field Methods in Linguistics
Professor Florian Lionnet
This course provides a thorough intro to the principles and practice of linguistic fieldwork. Students will be trained in methods of language description and analysis based on data provided by a native speaker of an unfamiliar language. A wide range of topics will be covered, from data collection techniques to the theoretically informed analysis of the collected data, and all major subfields of linguistics will be involved. Course is designed for students interested in documentary/descriptive linguistic work and those interested in incorporating linguistics data into research in theoretical linguistics.